Hammer crusher parts and hammer crusher accessories,the most important 6 parts you must know

The hammer crusher is a section crusher for crushing materials with maximum size of 600-1800mm directly to 25 or less. The hammer crusher parts mainly consists of the box, rotor, hammer head, impact liner, screen plate and other parts. In this article, the main hammer crusher parts of will be introduced in detail.

The hammer crusher is a section crusher for crushing materials with maximum size of 600-1800mm directly to 25 or less. The hammer crusher parts mainly consists of the box, rotor, hammer head, impact liner, screen plate and other parts. In this article, the main hammer crusher parts of will be introduced in detail.

Hammer crusher
Hammer crusher

Hammer crusher parts 1: The frame of hammer crusher

The frame housing of the hammer crusher consists of the lower body, the rear upper cover, the left side wall and the right side wall, which are connected to each part by bolts and welded with steel plates, or can be made into a box structure.

Along the center line of the rotor, the frame of the hammer crusher can be divided into two parts: upper and lower frame, which are connected with each other by bolts.

The upper part of the upper frame is the inlet, and the internal part of the frame is equipped with manganese steel liner in contact with the ore, which is convenient for replacement after wear. The lower part of the frame is fixed directly to the concrete with foot bolts.

In order to prevent ash leakage, shaft seals are provided at any part of the casing where the shaft is in contact with the casing.

In addition, small doors are provided on the side walls and lower body of the hammer crusher for installation and maintenance.

Hammer crusher parts and hammer crusher accessories
Hammer crusher parts and hammer crusher accessories

Hammer crusher parts 2: Hammer Crusher Transmission Unit

The working principle of hammer crusher is to crush the material by impacting the hammer head at high speed, so the transmission device is driven directly by the motor through the flexible coupling to rotate the main shaft, which is installed in the bearing blocks on both sides of the frame through the spherical spherical ball bearings.

The bearings of the hammer crusher need to be lubricated regularly with dry oil to ensure the normal operation of the equipment during use.

Hammer crusher parts 3: Hammerheads of the hammer crusher

hammer crusher header
hammer crusher header

The hammer head of the hammer crusher is the main working part like the plate hammer of the impact crusher, which is easy to wear in use, so the hammer head is made of high strength wear resistant material, generally high manganese steel is used.

The shape of the hammer head is mainly plate and block. The block hammer head is heavier than the plate hammer head and is mainly used for crushing materials with higher block size and hardness and longer length. In recent years, a new round hammer head has been developed, referred to as the ring hammer.

The ring hammer is suspended on the cross-shaped rotor, which not only can impact and crush the material with the rotor’s revolution, but also can rotate around the shaft and crush the material by grinding, so the power consumption is low. The crusher equipped with ring hammer is mainly used to crush materials such as coal.

Hammer crusher parts 4: Rotor of Hammer Crusher

The rotor of a hammer crusher consists of a main shaft, a hammer disk, a pin, a hammer head and so on. The main shaft is the most important part of the hammer crusher to support the rotor. The weight and impact force of the rotor and hammer head are all borne by it, so the material of the main shaft needs to have high toughness and strength.

The hammer head of the hammer crusher is suspended in the pin hole on the hammer disk and fixed with lock nuts at both ends of the pin to prevent the axial movement of the hammer disk and the hammer head.

The hammer disk cannot avoid the impact and wear of the material during the operation of the equipment, and the hammer head is the main wear part, so both of them need to be made of high strength and wear resistant material.

Hammer crusher parts 5: Impact liner of hammer crusher

The impact liner of a hammer crusher is subjected to the impact and abrasion of the material during the operation of the hammer crusher. It is made of high manganese steel casting quenched and strengthened to ensure the superior wear resistance and impact resistance of the impact liner.

The impact liner of the hammer crusher is as easy to wear as the hammer head, so it is important to pay attention to good daily maintenance and care.

Hammer crusher parts 6: Hammer crusher screen plate

The screen plate of a hammer crusher consists of a curved screen frame and a screen plate, which is set under the rotor.

The screen plate of the hammer crusher is made of many pieces, which are fixed to the screen frame by using self-weight and mutual extrusion, and the screen plate has small inner and large outer conical screen holes.

When the hammer head wears, adjusting the up and down position of the bolt can change the size of the gap between the end of the hammer head and the surface of the screen plate to ensure that the gap is within a certain range, so as to ensure a certain range of product size.

To learn more about crushers, you can check here: crusher

How to replace hammer crusher parts

Hammer crusher parts replacement steps and safety measures.

  1. You must wear a helmet, work clothes and flat-soled non-slip shoes when entering the hammer crusher operation site.
  2. Must adhere to the pre-post, pre-work safety confirmation system, strictly prohibited after drinking, physical fatigue personnel on duty.
  3. Before replacing the hammer crusher parts must be cut off the power supply, and in the control cabinet hanging “prohibited to close, someone work” warning sign, immediately after the completion of maintenance to retrieve.
  4. Use lighting during the inspection of hammer crusher parts, must use the cable without damage to do the line, the lamp head must wear a protective cover.
  5. Ensure that no one is working at the site before the inspection of hammer crusher parts, and must wait for all staff to withdraw.
  6. Use oxygen and welding to strictly comply with the corresponding safety operation procedures.
  7. Clean up the material at the entrance of the hammer crusher before the inspection.
  8. Plate the rotor of the hammer crusher to a suitable position and fix it.
  9. Cut the hammer head fixing bolt with oxygen and pull out; cut the bumps caused by wear on both sides of the hammer head.
  10. Hold the hammer head to hit the pin, if the pin is bent and cannot be extracted then cut it with oxygen and extract it.
  11. Remove the hammer head, pin, fixing sleeve and bolt to one side, without affecting the construction.
  12. Lift the new hammer head to the entrance of the hammer crusher. If you use a pipe or crowbar or other table hammer head, you must hold the hammer head to prevent it from sliding to one side and injuring people.
  13. Take a pipe from the grate bed to the crusher rotor, two people hold the hammer head and push it to the right position, pay attention to the head of the hammer head facing downward to prevent the hammer head from turning down and injuring people; another person install the fixing sleeve and pin, wear the bolt.
  14. When replacing the hammer head of the hammer crusher, check the weight of the hammer head one by one to ensure the balance of the rotor as much as possible, and check the hammer head on a plate after installation.
  15. After the hammer head is installed, all the bolts will be spot welded and fixed.
  16. Pan the rotor body to observe the clearance between the hammer head and the screen plate, and adjust the screen plate when needed.

How to extend the service life of hammer crusher parts

Hammer crusher is one of the main equipment for fine crushing of limestone, coal or other brittle materials below medium hardness in metallurgy, building materials, chemical industry, hydropower and other industries, which has the characteristics of large crushing ratio, high production capacity and uniform products.

Hammer crusher is still widely used in mining, smelting, building materials, highway, railroad, water conservancy, chemical and other industries.

The hammer head of the hammer crusher parts is an indispensable part of the hammer crusher crusher and the main wear-resistant part of the crusher. The good or bad hammer head and the wear-resistant strength of the hammer crusher directly affect the efficiency and effect of the hammer crusher.

With the rise of construction waste disposal market, hammer crusher also makes a great contribution to waste disposal. Hammer crusher always fails in the process of crushing waste treatment. After careful examination, it is found that the hammer head of hammer crusher is severely worn, thus we know the importance of hammer head to crusher equipment.

Choose good hammer crusher parts to extend the service life of hammer crusher crusher, there are three suggestions below.

hammer crusher header
hammer crusher header (hammer crusher parts)

Choose a good hammer head for hammer crusher  

The main working part of the hammer crusher is the rotor with the hammer head. The rotor consists of a main shaft, a disc, a pin and a hammer head. The motor drives the rotor to rotate at high speed in the crushing chamber. The hammer head is the main wearing part, and the good or bad hammer head directly affects the crushing efficiency of the crusher.

Therefore, it is very important to choose the wear-resistant hammer head of hammer crusher. When choosing hammer head of hammer crusher, generally the hammer head is judged from five aspects: material, structural design, manufacturing process, technical parameters and feeding conditions.

Improve hammerhead wear resistance of hammer crusher  

During the work of the hammer head, in addition to the impact, it is also subject to the impact of the material, so long-term repeated use will damage the working surface of the hammer head, so it is also important to improve the resistance. The hammer head part can be made of high hardness and high wear resistance alloy steel, and the hammer shank part is made of high toughness manganese steel material, because both alloys are metallurgical liquids.

The liquid compound solves the problem of high hardness, easy to break, toughness and non-wear resistance of the alloy material. Thus greatly improving the service life and efficiency of the hammer head. The larger the hammer head, the greater the wear resistance. To improve the wear resistance of the hammer head, it is necessary to increase its hardness.

Extend hammer head service life

There are many factors that affect the life of hammer head of hammer crusher. For example, the size of the feed material greatly exceeds the maximum size limit. When the hammer head is cast, there is an error in quality, and it may be that the material accumulated inside the crusher is not cleaned up in time. Reasonable structural design makes up for the lack of material hardness and improves the service life of hammer head of hammer crusher.

If you want to know more information about hammer crushers, you can check here:

8 Things You Want to Know About Hammer mill Crusher, get it now

What is difference between jaw crusher and hammer crusher

The difference between hammer crusher and impact crusher

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.